Fish Names in Hindi : सामान्य ज्ञान | फोटो | वीडियो

This blog is the collection of fish names in Hindi. For each fish listed below, we have carefully curated high-quality pictures, photos and videos. If you are teaching about fish to your kid, our facts and trivia will help in starting a great conversation.Download and print our fish chart, stickers and colouring sheets for free!

1. Shark

Megalodon Shark
Hammerhead Shark
White Shark Swimming
Shark Jump out of Water
Shark Video

Talking Points
  • Sharks are the most powerful predators in the sea. 
  • They can be really small or really large.
  • Sharks don’t have bones.
  • Sharks skeleton is made of cartilage instead of bones. Their cartilaginous skeleton is lighter, allowing them to float in the ocean. 
  • There are 440 different species of shark. Some common kinds of shark include the great white shark, hammerhead shark, tiger shark and the whale shark. 
  • The Whale shark is the biggest fish in the world. The Dwarf shark is the smallest shark in the world.
  • They have several rows of teeth. 
  • They have as many as 3,000 teeth in their mouths. When one tooth falls or breaks, the tooth in the row behind it moves forward to replace it. 
  • Not all sharks live in the sea. Some sharks survive in rivers, like the bull shark, the spear tooth shark and the river shark. 
  • Sharks are very intelligent.
  • Sharks have an excellent sense of smell and hearing. A shark’s sense of smell is 10,000 times better than human. 
  • They have very good vision can see even see in dark or unclear water. 
  • Sharks hunt and eat fish, marine mammals and other sea creatures. 
  • Baby sharks are called pups.
  • A group of sharks is called a gam, herd, frenzy, school or shiver.

2. Whale

Blue Whale
Humpback Whale
Killer Whale
Whale Video

Talking Points
  • A whale is a large mammal that lives in the ocean. 
  • Whales breathe air as we do, but they breathe through the blowholes at the top of their head instead of a nose.
  • When whales sleep, they stay at the top of the water, with their blowhole above the surface.
  • There are two types of whales: Baleen Whales and Toothed Whales.
  • Baleen whales are also called toothless whales. Instead of teeth, they have plates of whalebone in the mouth. This will strain the shrimp, plankton and krill from the seawater. 
  • Toothed whales have teeth instead of whalebone. They eat fish, plants and other small mammals.
  • Whales are the loudest animal in the world. They make noise to communicate, locate food and find each other.
  • They use different noises to communicate. This includes squeak, moan, groan, clicks, whistles, pulsed calls and sigh. These sounds can travel great distances.
  • A male whale is called a bull.  A female whale is called a cow and a baby whale is called a calf.
  •  A group of whales is commonly called a pod, a school or a gam.
  • The Blue whale is the largest animal in the world.

3. Dolphin

Grey Dolphin
Dolphin Underwater
Jumping Bottlenose Dolphin
A Pod of Long-Beaked Dolphins
Dolphin Video

Talking Points
  • Dolphins are very intelligent marine mammals.
  • They are greyish-blue in colour, but they can also be black, white, light grey, blueish and even pink or the combination of those colours varying according to the species.
  • They breathe through a blowhole on the top of their head.
  • Dolphins are very friendly and playful.
  • Dolphins live in groups called schools or pods.
  • Dolphins have excellent eyesight. 
  • Dolphins communicate with each other by clicking, whistling or slapping the water with their flippers. 
  • Dolphins eat fish and squid. 
  • Dolphins jump out of the water, ride waves, play and sometimes interact with the humans swimming in the water.
  • Bottlenose dolphins are the most common and well-known type of dolphin.
  • Female dolphins are called cows, males are called bulls and young dolphins are called calves.

4. Gold fish

GoldFish in a Bowl
Goldfish in Aquarium
Goldfish Video

Talking Points
  • Goldfish are golden yellow or orange in colour.
  • Goldfish live in fish tanks, fish bowls, man-made ponds and in aquariums. 
  • They are one of the most popular pets.
  • Goldfish came from China over 1,000 years ago. 
  • Goldfish is a freshwater fish. 
  • Goldfish don’t breathe in the air using lungs. They take water in through their mouth and push it out through their gills, which are special organs with openings near their head. 
  • Goldfish have great eyesight and can see up to 16 feet away.
  • Goldfish come in a variety of colours including red, orange, blueish-grey, brown, yellow, white, black, greyish-white orange spots, black spots or olive green spots.
  • There are hundreds of different types of goldfish around the world.

5. Jelly fish

White Jellyfish
Jellyfish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Jellyfish | Youtube

Jellyfish 101 | Nat Geo Wild

All About Jellyfish for Kids | Preschool

Talking Points
  • Jellyfish are not fish. They are plankton from the phylum Cnidarian and Scyphozoan class.
  • Jellyfish are invertebrates because they do not have backbones.
  • Jellyfish are related to corals and anemones.
  • They are made up of a smooth, bag-like/bell-shaped body and tentacles with tiny, stinging cells.
  • Jellyfish live in the sea. Some jellyfish live in freshwater. 
  • Some jellyfish are transparent, but some are brightly coloured like pink, yellow, blue and purple. 
  • Jellyfish can be bioluminescent, which means they produce their own light and glow in the dark.
  • Jellyfish are mainly made up of water and protein.
  • Jellyfish have no brain, heart, bones, ears, nose and eyes.
  • Jellyfish mouth is found in the centre of its body. From this opening, it both eats and discards waste.
  • By squirting water from its mouth, the jellyfish can move forward!
  • They are not strong swimmers.
  • Jellyfish eat fish, fish eggs, shrimp, crabs and tiny plants.
  • A group of jellyfish is called a bloom, swarm or smack.
  • Nonpoisonous jellyfish are considered a delicacy in many parts of the world.
  • In China, they are considered a delicacy and are also used in Chinese medicine.

6. Star fish

Caribbean Starfish
Starfish and Sponge
Two Starfish
Yellow Coral and Blue Starfish
Starfish Video

Talking Points
  • Starfish is not a fish. It’s an echinoderm, related to sand dollars and sea urchins.
  • Starfish are also called sea star.
  • They have a spiky shell which offers them protection.  Their spines are used for protection from predators.
  •  Starfish are heavy and weigh up to 11 pounds.
  • They have no brain and no blood. Instead of blood, they have a water vascular system.
  • They usually have five arms. Some can grow as many as 50 arms. 
  • Starfish have the ability to regrow their arms.
  • If a starfish is caught by a predator, they will drop their arms to escape and then grow them back.
  • Starfish cannot swim. They move across the ocean by their tube feet.
  • Starfish are found in the deep blue sea. They cannot survive in freshwater.
  • Starfish come in different colours. This includes red, orange, yellow and coral colours. 
  • Starfish eat clams, oysters, mussels, snails and fish.
  • There are around 2000 different species of starfish living in the world.

7. Clown fish

Clown Anemonefish
Clownfish Living in Coral Reef
Clownfish Video

Talking Points
  • Clownfish are bright orange colour fish with three vertical white stripes. 
  • Some are in different colours including pink with a single white stripe, yellow, orange, red and black with patches or strips of white colour. 
  • They are also called as anemone fish.
  • The Anemone is a plant-like creature with lots of poisonous tentacles that lives on rocks or coral in the ocean. The clownfish has a special layer of mucus on its skin that protects it from the anemone’s poison.
  • By living near to anemone, clownfish gets protection from attack by other fish. 
  • Clownfish keep the anemone clean by eating and removing parasites and dead tentacles.
  • Clownfish are found in the Indian and Pacific oceans including the Red Sea and the great barrier reef of Australia.
  • Clownfish eat plants and meat. They eat algae, plankton, zooplankton, worms, and mollusk.
  •  Large and dominant clownfish makes “chirp” and “pop” sounds while charging and chasing fishes. 
  • Clownfish were the main characters in Finding Nemo and Finding Dory movies. 

8. Tuna

Bluefin Tuna
Group of Giant Tuna
Tuna Video

Talking Points
  • Tuna is a large fish.
  • Tuna fish is silver in colour with large eyes, dark blue backs and spiky fins.
  • Tuna is a saltwater fish. 
  • Tunas are most consumed fish all over the world.
  • Tunas eat different types of fishes.
  • Tunas are fast swimmers.
  • Yellowfin tuna is the fastest swimmer among all tuna species (75 km/h (47 mph))
  • Tunas swim near the surface and also dive to the depth of 3000 feet while it searches for food. 
  • The largest tuna species is the Atlantic bluefin tuna and the smallest species is the Blackfin tuna.

9. Eel

Long Eel
American Eel
Spotted Garden Eel
Eel Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Ribbon Eel | Youtube

Eel Swimming | Youtube

Garden Eel | Oceanwise

Talking Points
  • Eels look like a snake with long and narrow body. 
  • Eels have fewer fins than other fish.
  • Eels live in saltwater and freshwater.
  • There are over 400 species of eel.
  • Eels live in the shallow part of the sea.  Most eels hide and live in caves and holes. They also burrow in the sand.
  • Eels eat worms, small fishes, shrimp, snails, frogs, mussels and lizards.
  • Eel is a delicacy in many cultures. But the eel should be cooked properly because its blood is toxic.
  • A very small amount of eel blood is enough to kill a person, so raw eel should never be consumed.
  • The European conger is the largest eel in the world  (5kg and 3ft long).
  • The Kuhli Loach is the smallest of the freshwater eel (4 inches or 10 cm).
  • A young eel is called an elver.

10. Angel fish

Royal Angelfish
Juvenile Emperor Angelfish
Angelfish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Freshwater Angelfish | Youtube

Angelfish | Youtube

Blueface Angelfish | Youtube

Talking Points
  • Angelfish have a thin body covered with longitudinal stripes, smallmouth, long dorsal and anal fins. 
  • Angelfish are commonly in silver colour with dark stripes. They are also in red, blue, green and yellow colours with bright markings and stripes. 
  • There are two main groups of angelfish: marine angelfish and freshwater angelfish.
  • Angelfish are very intelligent creatures.
  • Angelfish are active during the day.
  • Angelfish eat sponges, algae, fish, worms, shrimps and insects.
  • Angelfish are one of the most attractive fish species on Earth.
  • Angelfish are one of the most popular aquarium fish. 
  • The baby angelfish is known as fry.

11. Cat fish

African Catfish
Catfish Video

Talking Points
  • Catfish have a large, flat head, elongated body and one or more pairs of whiskers.
  • Catfish’s whiskers resemble a cat’s whiskers. These whiskers are known as barbels. 
  • Each barbel is loaded with taste buds and special olfactory sensors to help the fish smell. This allows catfish to hunt in dark and murky waters.
  • Catfish can be silver, grey, bluish-grey, olive-brown, white, tan, green and yellow colour, depending on the species.
  • Catfish have no scales. They have smooth and scaleless skin covered with mucus. 
  • Some catfish species are able to breathe through their skin.
  • Catfish eat mostly fish, insects, worms, and frogs.
  • Catfish live in freshwaters such as rivers and streams. A few species of catfish live in salt waters. 
  • Catfish have spiny and rigid pectoral and dorsal fins. They can sting, so one must be very careful around them.
  • Asian walking catfish is a species of catfish. This has a very unique way of using its pectoral fins. 
  • Asian walking catfish use its pectoral fins to walk across the land while breathing air. This fish walks short distance when it needs to pass from one pool of water to another.

12. Stingray

Bluespotted Stingray
Motoro Stingray
Sepia Stingray
Stingray Video

Talking Points
  • Stingrays have a flat and wide body with a long tail. 
  • Their long tails have a spine and venom.
  • They use this venom to protect themselves from their predators and also it is toxic to humans.
  • Stingrays eyes are on top of their body. 
  • Stingrays have a mouth, nose holes and gills are on the bottom of their flat body. 
  • Stingrays are related to sharks.
  • Stingrays and sharks belong to the same group of cartilaginous fish. They don’t have bones and their skeleton is made of cartilage instead of bones. 
  • Sharks and stingrays use sensors called ampullae of Lorenzini to sense the electrical signals emitted by their prey.
  •  Stingrays eat fish, snails, shrimps, mussels, crabs, oysters and clams.
  • A group of stingrays is called a fever.
  • Stingrays are eaten in many cuisines around the world.
  • The skin of the stingray is used to make shoes, boots, wallets, belts, jackets, and mobile cases.

13. Siamese Fighting Fish (Betta fish)

Fighter (Betta) fish
Red Veiltail Siamese fighting fish
Siamese Fighting fish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Bettafish Fight | Youtube

12 Types of Betta Fish | Youtube

Bettafish Swimming |  Youtube

Talking Points
  • Siamese fighting fish are small and bright coloured freshwater fish with long fins. 
  • Siamese fighting fish are also known as the betta fish.
  • Betta fish comes from Thailand. 
  • There are many different coloured bettas. This includes red, blue, yellow, orange, black, white, lavender and green etc. 
  • People like to keep betta fish as pets. 
  • Bettas can live in aquariums or in bowls.
  • They come to the top of the water, stick their mouth up and take a breath.
  • Betta fish can jump out of their tank or bowl if it doesn’t have a cover.
  • Male betta fish has very long, flowy fins and appear more colourful. 
  • Female betta fish don’t have long, eye-catching fins and has a pointy shape at their stomach. 
  • Male betta fish are aggressive. Two males can’t be kept in a tank together because they will attack each other and sometimes this will result in the death of one or both. 
  • Female betta fish can live together comfortably in the same tank. When they live together, the cohort is called a sorority. 
  • Betta eats shrimp, worms, zooplankton, larvae and small insects. 
  • A baby betta fish is called fry.

14. Guppy fish

Metal Blue Lace Guppyfish
Young Guppyfish
Guppy fish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Guppy Aquarium | Tropic Tank

Guppyfish Types | Youtube

Small Guppyfish | Shutterstock

Talking Points
  • A guppy fish is a small freshwater fish.
  • Guppy fish comes in many bright colours.
  • It has a small head, elongated body and tail that looks like a fish wearing a dress. 
  • Guppy is one of the most popular aquarium fish because of its bright coloured body. 
  • Guppy fish is also used for different experiments in the fields of ecology, behaviour and evolution.
  • Male guppies have wide, long-tail fins that are brightly coloured with stripes/polka dots. Female guppies have shorter tail fins.
  • Male guppies are colourful and attractive than females.
  • Male guppies are smaller than females. 
  • Guppy fish eat algae, larvae, shrimps, diatoms, invertebrates, plant fragments, mineral particles, and tropical fish flakes. 
  • Guppy fish is also known as a million fish and rainbow fish.
  • Guppy is known as million fish because it reproduces easily. 
  • It is called as rainbow fish because of the brightly coloured body and fins. 
  • Baby guppy fish is called fry.

15. Oscar fish

Bright Oscar Fish
Oscar fish White and Red Striped
Oscar fish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Tiger Oscarfish | Youtube

Albino Oscarfish | Youtube

Oscarfish Types | Fine Aquatics

Talking Points
  • Oscar fish is a species of fish from the cichlid family known under a variety of common names, including tiger oscar, velvet cichlid, and marble cichlid.
  • Oscar Fish is a popular tropical freshwater fish.
  • Oscar fish is one of the most popular aquarium fish. 
  • Oscar fish are in different colours and patterns. 
  • Their bodies are colourful with dark colours mixed with bright colours.
  •  Oscar fish is an intelligent species of fish.
  • Oscar fish are aggressive in nature. It is not recommended to keep oscar fish with small-sized fish species together in a tank.
  • Oscar fish eat fish, worms and insects. 

16. Puffer fish

White Spotted Pufferfish
Pufferfish Puffed Up
Pufferfish Video

Talking Points
  • A pufferfish is a fish with the rounded head, big eyes and large stomachs.
  • Pufferfish do not have scales. Their skin is thick and rough. Some species have spines on the skin. 
  • Pufferfish can be found in different colours including grey, blue, yellow, white and brown. 
  • Majority of the pufferfish species are saltwater fishes. Some pufferfish species are found in freshwater. 
  • Pufferfish are slow swimmers but can swim fast when needed. They also change their swimming direction and even swim backwards. 
  • Pufferfish have excellent eyesight.
  • Pufferfish is poisonous. It has the ability to blow up into a ball when threatened. 
  • Pufferfish puffs up about twice their normal size by gulping water.
  • Pufferfish body is covered with poisonous spikes, which are toxic to both animals and humans. 
  • They are also known as the Blowfish, Balloonfish, Swellfish and Globefish.
  • Pufferfish are the second-most poisonous vertebrates in the world, after the poison dart frog.
  • Some species of pufferfish are consumed in Japan, Korea and China.

17. Koi fish

Koi fish
Koi fish
Koi fish in a Pond
Koi fish Video

Talking Points
  • Koi fish are colourful freshwater fish. 
  • Koi fish are kept for decorative purposes in outdoor ponds.
  • There are more than 20 varieties of koi fish that differ in colours, patterns and scales.
  • Colour of the koi fish depends on the variety. They can be orange, white, black, blue, red, yellow and cream. 
  • Koi fish are covered with different spots.
  • People in Japan believe that the koi fish symbolizes wealth, prosperity, love, career and good fortune. 
  • Each variety of koi fish is associated with one of the above-mentioned values.
  • Koi fish are sensitive to the sun. They get sunburns if they live in outdoor ponds that do not provide shade on sunny days. 
  • Koi fish are intelligent.
  • Koi fish eat plants, lettuce, watermelon, peas, algae, fish, eggs, worms, insects and snails. 
  • Baby koi fish is called koi fry.
  • A group of koi fish is called a gasp.

Fish Chart

Fish Stickers

Fish Worksheets

Fish Books

1. First Big Book of the Ocean

2. Under The Sea

3. Good Night Fish

4. Hooray for Fish!

5. Big Book of the Blue

Fish Toys

1. Wooden Marine Themed Jigsaw Puzzle

2. Fishing Pond

3.Melissa & Doug Underwater Floor Puzzle

4. 52 Pack Ocean Animal Set

Thank you for reading our blog on fish. While there are many types of fish, we have selected a few popular ones which adults and children commonly search for. Besides the pictures and photos that are already in the blog, we have also provided the readers with more options to view amazing high-quality pictures from good websites. Similarly for videos of fish, besides the ones that are already in the blog, we have curated and shared the links of other amazing videos from reputed sources. The ‘talking points’ section gives simple facts and general trivia for kids. These talking points can also be used by parents for ‘show and tell’ events that kids commonly participate in.

Do share your feedback in the comments section below. If you would like us to add any fish to this list, do share it in the comments section below.

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