Fish Names : Facts | Pictures | Videos | Charts

Learn about fish and their names in English. For each fish listed below, we have carefully curated high-quality pictures, photos and videos. If you are teaching about fish to your kid, our facts and trivia will help in starting a great conversation. You can also download and print our fish chart, stickers and colouring sheets for free. Finally, we also share with you our recommendations on the best fish books and toys for kids. Please use the table of contents to click and navigate.

1. Shark

Megalodon Shark
Hammerhead Shark
White Shark Swimming
Shark Jump out of Water
Shark Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Sharks are the most powerful fish in the sea.
  • Sharks can swim fast and go deep inside the sea.
  • Sharks eat fish, squid, octopus and other marine animals
  • Sharks can even see in dark or unclear water. 
  • Shark has several rows of teeth.
  • Sharks are very intelligent.

4-6 yrs

  • Sharks are the most powerful predators in the sea. 
  • Sharks have a long, slim and a straight body.
  • Sharks don’t have bones.
  • Sharks skeleton is made of cartilage instead of bones. 
  • There are 440 different species of shark. Some common kinds of shark include the great white shark, hammerhead shark, tiger shark and the whale shark. 
  • The Whale shark is the biggest fish in the world. The Dwarf shark is the smallest shark in the world.
  • Not all sharks live in the sea. Some sharks survive in rivers, like the bull shark, the spear tooth shark and the Ganges shark.
  • A shark’s sense of smell is 10,000 times better than human. 
  • Sharks are carnivores and eat fish, marine mammals and other sea creatures. 
  • Baby sharks are called pups.
  • A group of sharks is called a gam, herd, frenzy, school or shiver.

2. Whale

Blue Whale
Humpback Whale
Killer Whale
Whale Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Whales are large and intelligent aquatic animal.
  • Whales are in shades of grey, blue and black colours.
  • Whales breathe air through blowholes into lungs.
  • Whales can swim fast and dive deep into the sea.
  • The blue whale is the largest animal in the world.
  • Whale eats fish, squid, octopus and other marine animals

4-6 yrs

  • Whales have a long and slender body with a large head and a wide mouth. 
  • Whales breathe air as we do, but they breathe through the blowholes at the top of their head instead of a nose.
  • When whales sleep, they stay at the top of the water, with their blowhole above the surface.
  • Whales are not fish they are mammals.
  • There are two types of whales: Baleen Whales and Toothed Whales.
  • Baleen whales are also called toothless whales. Instead of teeth, they have plates of whalebone in the mouth. This will strain the shrimp, plankton and krill from the seawater. 
  • Toothed whales have teeth instead of whalebone. They eat fish, plants and other small mammals.
  • They use different noises to communicate. This includes squeak, moan, groan, clicks, whistles, pulsed calls and sigh.
  • A male whale is called a bull.  A female whale is called a cow and a baby whale is called a calf.
  •  A group of whales is commonly called a pod, a school or a gam.

3. Dolphin

Grey Dolphin
Dolphin Underwater
Jumping Bottlenose Dolphin
A Pod of Long-Beaked Dolphins
Dolphin Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Dolphins are very friendly and playful.
  • Dolphins are very intelligent.
  • Dolphins are greyish-blue in colour, but they can also be black, white, light grey, blueish and even pink.
  • Dolphin eats fish, squid, shrimps, jellyfish and octopuses. 
  • Dolphins jump out of the water, ride waves, play and interact with the humans.

4-6 yrs

  • Dolphins are the most playful and intelligent animals.
  • Dolphins are not fish they are mammals.
  • Dolphin breathes through a blowhole on the top of their head.
  • Dolphin lives in groups called a pod.
  • Dolphins communicate with each other by clicking, whistling or slapping the water with their flippers. 
  • Dolphins are carnivore and eat fish, squid, shrimps, jellyfish and octopuses. 
  • Dolphins jump out of the water, ride waves, play and sometimes interact with the humans swimming in the water.
  • Bottlenose dolphins are the most common and well-known type of dolphin.
  • Female dolphins are called cows, males are called bulls and young dolphins are called calves.
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4. Gold fish

GoldFish
GoldFish in a Bowl
Goldfish in Aquarium
Goldfish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Goldfish Aquarium | Youtube

Goldfish Kingdom | Goldfish Kingdom

Fantail Goldfish Bowl | Youtube

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Goldfish are one of the most popular pets.
  • Goldfish are golden yellow or orange in colour.
  • Goldfish is a freshwater fish.
  • Goldfish live in fish tanks, fish bowls, man-made ponds and in aquariums. 
  • Goldfish eats vegetables, shrimp, insects, larvae etc. 

4-6 yrs

  • Goldfish are golden yellow or orange in colour.
  • Goldfish is a freshwater fish. They live in an aquarium, man-made ponds, rivers, lakes, and ponds
  • Goldfish has great eyesight and can see up to 16 feet away.
  • Goldfish come in a variety of colours including red, orange, blueish-grey, brown, yellow, white, black, greyish-white orange spots, black spots or olive green spots.
  • Goldfish are omnivores. They eat vegetables, shrimp, insects,  larvae etc. 
  • There are hundreds of different types of goldfish around the world.
  • Baby goldfish is called a fry.

5. Jelly fish

Jellyfish
Jellyfish
White Jellyfish
Jellyfish
Jellyfish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Jellyfish | Youtube

Jellyfish 101 | Nat Geo Wild

All About Jellyfish for Kids | Preschool

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Jellyfish looks like a small umbrella.
  • Jellyfish are large and colourful.
  • Jellyfish have a soft and transparent body. 
  • Jellyfish are made up of 95 percent water.
  • Jellyfish have no brain, heart, bones, ears, nose and eyes.
  • Jellyfish eat fish, fish eggs, shrimps, crabs and tiny plants.

4-6 yrs

  • Jellyfish are not fish. They are plankton from the phylum Cnidarian and Scyphozoa class.
  • Jellyfish are invertebrates because they do not have backbones.
  • They are made up of a smooth, bag-like/bell-shaped body and tentacles with tiny, stinging cells.
  • Some jellyfish are transparent, but some are brightly coloured like pink, yellow, blue and purple. 
  • Jellyfish can be bioluminescent, which means they produce their own light and glow in the dark.
  • Jellyfish mouth is found in the centre of its body. From this opening, it eats and discards waste.
  • By squirting water from its mouth, the jellyfish can move forward.
  • Jellyfish are carnivores, they eat fish, fish eggs, shrimp, crabs etc.
  • A group of jellyfish is called a bloom or swarm.

6. Star fish

Caribbean Starfish
Starfish and Sponge
Two Starfish
Yellow Coral and Blue Starfish
Starfish Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Starfish is the most beautiful aquatic animal.
  • Starfish has no brain and no blood.
  • Starfish are in red, orange, yellow and coral colours.
  • Starfish cannot swim, but they move using their tube feet.
  • Starfish eats coral, sponges, clams, oysters, fish, mussels etc.
  • Starfish are also called sea star.

4-6 yrs

  • Starfish is not a fish. It’s an echinoderm, related to sand dollars and sea urchins.
  • Starfish has a spiky shell which offers them protection.  
  • Starfish has no brain and no blood. Instead of blood, they have a water vascular system.
  • Starfish usually have five arms. Some can grow as many as 50 arms. 
  • Some species of starfish have the ability to regrow their arms.
  • If a starfish is caught by a predator, they will drop their arms to escape and then grow them back.
  • Starfish cannot swim. They move across the ocean by their tube feet.
  • Starfish are carnivores and eat coral, sponges, clams, oysters, fish, mussels etc.
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7. Clown fish

Clownfish
Clown Anemonefish
Clownfish Living in Coral Reef
Clownfish Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Clownfish are small fish.
  • Clownfish are bright orange colour fish with three vertical white stripes. 
  • Some clownfish are in different colours including pink, yellow, orange, red and black with patches or white strips. 
  • Clownfish are saltwater fish.
  • Clownfish are also known as popular aquarium fish
  • Clownfish eat algae, plankton, molluscs etc. 
  • Clownfish were the main characters in Finding Nemo and Finding Dory movies. 

4-6 yrs

  • Clownfish are bright orange colour small fish with three vertical white stripes. 
  • Clownfish are also called anemonefish.
  • The Anemone is a plant-like creature with lots of poisonous tentacles that lives on rocks or coral in the ocean.
  • The clownfish has a special layer of mucus on its skin that protects it from the anemone’s poison.
  • By living near to anemone, clownfish gets protection from attack by other fish. 
  • Clownfish keep the anemone clean by eating and removing parasites and dead tentacles.
  • Clownfish are omnivores, they eat algae, plankton, molluscs, worms, small crustaceans etc
  •  Large and dominant clownfish makes “chirp” and “pop” sounds while charging and chasing small fish. 

8. Tuna

Tunafish
Bluefin Tuna
Group of Giant Tuna
Tuna Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Tuna is a large fish.
  • Tuna fish is silver in colour with large eyes, blue backs and spiky fins.
  • Tuna is a saltwater fish. 
  • Tunas are fast swimmers.
  • Tunas eat different types of fish, squid, shrimp, eels etc.

4-6 yrs

  • Tuna is a streamlined silverfish with large eyes, dark blue backs and spiky fins.
  • Tunas can swim very fast in the sea.
  • There are different of tuna: bluefin, yellowfin, skipjack, and albacore tuna. 
  • Tunas swim near the surface and also dive to the depth of 3000 feet while it searches for food. 
  • The largest tuna species is the Atlantic bluefin tuna and the smallest species is the Blackfin tuna.
  • Tuna is a carnivore. It feeds on different types of fish, squid, shrimp, eels etc.
  • Tunas are the most consumed fish all over the world.

9. Eel

Long Eel
American Eel
Eel
Spotted Garden Eel
Looking for more Images? We have selected a few good ones.

Eel Picture | Adobestock

Eel in Water Photo | Getty Images

Garden Eel Image | Shutterstock

Eel Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Ribbon Eel | Youtube

Eel Swimming | Youtube

Garden Eel | Oceanwise

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Eels look like a snake with a long and narrow body. 
  • Eels live in saltwater and freshwater.
  • Eels have gills and very sharp teeth
  • Eels can swim in the water.
  • Eels eat worms, small fish, shrimp, snails, frogs, mussels and lizards.

4-6 yrs

  • Eels have a long, narrow body with long anal and dorsal fins.
  • Eels swim by generating body waves which travel through the length of their bodies. 
  • Eels can swim backwards by reversing the direction of the wave.
  • Eels live in the shallow part of the sea.  
  • Eels live in caves, deep underground holes or burrows.
  • Eel is a delicacy in many cultures. But the eel should be cooked properly because its blood is toxic.
  • A  small amount of eel blood is enough to kill a person, so raw eel should never be consumed.
  • The European conger is the largest eel in the world.
  • The Kuhli Loach is the smallest freshwater eel.
  • A young eel is called an elver.
  • A group of eels is called a swarm, bed, or fry.

10. Angel fish

Angelfish
Angelfish
Royal Angelfish
Juvenile Emperor Angelfish
Angelfish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Freshwater Angelfish | Youtube

Angelfish | Youtube

Blueface Angelfish | Youtube

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Angelfish is one of the most popular aquarium fish. 
  • Angelfish are in silver colour with dark stripes. 
  • Angelfish are also in red, blue, green and yellow colours with bright markings and stripes. 
  • Angelfish eat sponges, algae, fish, worms, shrimps and insects.

4-6 yrs

  • Angelfish are brightly coloured fish.
  • Angelfish have a small mouth, thin body covered with longitudinal stripes, long dorsal and anal fins. 
  • There are two groups of angelfish: marine and freshwater angelfish.
  • Marine angelfish is also known as ocean or saltwater angelfish.
  • Freshwater angelfish is also known as Pterophyllum scalare. 
  • Marine angelfish or saltwater angelfish are found in tropical waters and shallow reefs.
  • Freshwater angelfish are found in rivers.
  • Freshwater angelfish are one of the most popular aquarium pets.
  • Angelfish are one of the most attractive fish species on Earth.
  • Angelfish are omnivores. They eat sponges, algae, jellyfish, fish, worms, shrimps and insects.

11. Cat fish

African Catfish
Catfish
Catfish
Catfish Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Catfish has a large, flat head and elongated body.
  • Catfish has smooth and scaleless skin covered with mucus.
  • Catfish has two to four pairs of whiskers.
  • Catfish eat mostly fish, insects, worms, and frogs.
  • Catfish live in freshwaters such as rivers and streams.
  •  A few species of catfish live in salt waters. 

4-6 yrs

  • Catfish has a large, flat head, elongated body and two to four pairs of whiskers.
  • Catfish’s whiskers resemble a cat’s whiskers. These whiskers are known as barbels. 
  • Each barbel is loaded with taste buds and special olfactory sensors to help the fish smell.
  • Barbels help the catfish to search for food using their senses of touch and taste.
  • Catfish can be silver, grey, bluish-grey, olive-brown, white, tan, green and yellow colour, depending on the species.
  • Catfish have no scales. They have smooth and scaleless skin covered with mucus. 
  • Catfish have spiny and rigid pectoral and dorsal fins. They can sting, so one must be very careful around them.
  • Catfish are carnivores, they eat fish, insects, worms, and frogs.
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12. Stingray

Stingray
Bluespotted Stingray
Motoro Stingray
Sepia Stingray
Stingray Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Stingray has a flat and wide body.
  • Stingray has a long tail.
  • Its long tail has spine and venom.
  • Stingrays eyes are on top of their body.
  • Stingrays have a mouth, nose holes and gills are on the bottom of their flat body. 
  • Stingrays eat fish, snails, shrimps, mussels, crabs, oysters and clams.

4-6 yrs

  • Stingray has a flat and wide body with a long tail. 
  • Its long tail has a spine and venom.
  • Stingray uses this venom to protect themselves from their predators and also it is toxic to humans.
  • Stingrays eyes are on top of their body and mouth, nose holes, gills are on the bottom of their flat body. 
  • Stingrays are related to sharks.
  • Stingrays and sharks belong to the same group of cartilaginous fish. They don’t have bones and their skeleton is made of cartilage instead of bones. 
  • Sharks and stingrays use sensors called ampullae of Lorenzini to sense the electrical signals emitted by their prey.
  • Stingrays are carnivorous, it eats fish, snails, shrimps, mussels, crabs, oysters and clams.
  • A group of stingrays is called a fever.

13. Siamese Fighting Fish (Betta fish)

Fighter (Betta) fish
Bettafish
Red Veiltail Siamese fighting fish
Siamese Fighting fish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Bettafish Fight | Youtube

12 Types of Betta Fish | Youtube

Bettafish Swimming |  Youtube

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Siamese fighting fish are small and bright coloured fish.
  • Siamese fighting fish are also known as the betta fish.
  • Betta fish is a freshwater fish.
  • There are many different coloured bettas. This includes red, blue, yellow, orange, black, white, lavender and green etc. 
  • Betta fish eats shrimp, worms, larvae and small insects. 

4-6 yrs

  • Siamese fighting fish are small and bright coloured freshwater fish with long fins. 
  • Siamese fighting fish are also known as the betta fish.
  • Male betta fish has very long, flowy fins and appear more colourful. 
  • Female betta fish don’t have long, eye-catching fins. 
  • Male betta fish are aggressive. Two males can’t be kept in a tank together because they will attack each other and sometimes this will result in the death of one or both. 
  • Female betta fish can live together comfortably in the same tank. When they live together, the cohort is called a sorority. 
  • Betta fish come to the top of the water, stick their mouth up and take a breath.
  • Bettas are found in rice paddies, ponds, river and small streams.
  • Betta fish is a popular aquarium fish.
  • Betta fish are carnivorous, they eat shrimp, worms, zooplankton, larvae and small insects. 
  • A baby betta fish is called fry.

14. Guppy fish

Guppyfish
Metal Blue Lace Guppyfish
Young Guppyfish
Guppy fish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Guppy Aquarium | Tropic Tank

Guppyfish Types | Youtube

Small Guppyfish | Shutterstock

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • A guppy fish is a small freshwater fish.
  • Guppy fish comes in many bright colours: orange, yellow, blue, violet, green, black and white with spots and stripes.
  • Guppy fish has a small head and an elongated body.
  • Guppy fish is one of the most popular aquarium fish.
  • Guppy fish eat algae, larvae, shrimps, worms, fish flakes etc
  • Guppy fish is also known as a million fish and rainbow fish. 

4-6 yrs

  • Guppy fish has a small head, elongated body and tail that looks like a fish wearing a dress. 
  • Guppy is one of the most popular aquarium fish because of its bright coloured body. 
  • Male guppy fish have wide, long-tail fins that are brightly coloured with stripes/polka dots. Female guppy fish have shorter tail fins.
  • Male guppy fish are more colourful and attractive than females.
  • Male guppy fish are smaller than females. 
  • Guppy fish are omnivorous, they eat algae, larvae, shrimps, plant fragments, worms, fish flakes etc
  • Guppy fish is also known as a million fish and rainbow fish.
  • Guppy fish is known as a million fish because it reproduces easily. 
  • It is called a rainbow fish because of the brightly coloured body and fins. 
  • Baby guppy fish is called fry.

15. Oscar fish

Bright Oscar Fish
Oscar fish White and Red Striped
Oscarfish
Oscar fish Video

Looking for more Videos? We have selected a few good ones.

Tiger Oscarfish | Youtube

Albino Oscarfish | Youtube

Oscarfish Types | Fine Aquatics

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Oscar fish has an oval-shaped body with dorsal and anal fins.
  • Oscar fish is a freshwater fish.
  • Oscar fish is one of the most popular aquarium fish. 
  • Oscar fish are in different colours and patterns. 
  • Oscar fish eat fish, worms and insects. 

4-6 yrs

  • Oscar fish is a species of fish from the cichlid family.
  • Oscar fish have a long oval body with dorsal and anal fins.
  • The dorsal and anal fins extend along its body.
  • Oscar fish is a popular tropical freshwater fish.
  • Oscar fish is one of the most popular aquarium fish. 
  • Oscar fish are in different colours and patterns. 
  • Their bodies are colourful with dark colours mixed with bright colours.
  • Oscar fish are aggressive in nature. It is not recommended to keep oscar fish with small-sized fish species together in a tank.
  • Oscar fish are carnivorous, they eat fish, worms, shrimps and insects. 
  • There are different types of oscar fish. This includes tiger oscar, red oscar, albino oscar, blue oscar, black oscar, white oscar etc.
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16. Puffer fish

White Spotted Pufferfish
Pufferfish
Pufferfish Puffed Up
Pufferfish Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • A pufferfish is a fish with a rounded head, big eyes and a large stomach.
  • Pufferfish are in different colours including grey, blue, yellow, white and brown. 
  • Pufferfish is poisonous.
  • Pufferfish blow up into a ball when threatened. 
  • Pufferfish eats algae, shrimp, small fish, crabs, molluscs etc
  • They are also known as the Blowfish, Balloonfish, Swellfish and Globefish.

4-6 yrs

  • A pufferfish is a fish with a rounded head, big eyes and a large stomach.
  • Pufferfish do not have scales. Their skin is thick and rough. 
  • Pufferfish body is covered with poisonous spikes, which are toxic to both animals and humans. 
  • Pufferfish is poisonous. It has the ability to blow up into a ball when threatened. 
  • Pufferfish puffs up about twice their normal size by gulping water.
  • Pufferfish are slow swimmers but can swim fast when needed. They also change their swimming direction and even swim backwards. 
  • Majority of the pufferfish species are saltwater fish. Some pufferfish species are found in freshwater. 
  • Puffer fish are omnivorous, they eat algae, shrimp, small fish, crabs, molluscs etc
  • Pufferfish are also known as the Blowfish, Balloonfish, Swellfish and Globefish. 

17. Koi fish

Koi fish
Koi fish
Koi fish in a Pond
Koi fish Video

Talking Points

3-4 yrs

  • Koi fish are colourful fish. 
  • Koi fish live in freshwater.
  • Koi fish are kept for decorative purposes in outdoor ponds.
  • Koi fish are in different colours including orange, white, black, blue, red, yellow and cream. 
  • Koi fish eat plants, lettuce, peas, algae, fish, eggs, worms, insects etc. 

4-6 yrs

  • Koi fish are colourful freshwater fish. 
  • There are more than 20 varieties of koi fish that differ in colours, patterns and scales.
  • Colour of the koi fish depends on the variety. They can be orange, white, black, blue, red, yellow and cream. 
  • Koi fish is from Japan. People in Japan believe that the koi fish symbolizes wealth, prosperity, love, career and good fortune. 
  • Each variety of koi fish is associated with one of the above-mentioned values.
  • Koi are social fish. They enjoy living in groups.
  • Koi fish do not fight with each other and they do not eat smaller fish.
  • Koi fish are omnivorous fish, they eat plants, lettuce, watermelon, peas, algae, fish, eggs, worms, insects and snails. 
  • Baby koi fish is called koi fry.
  • A group of koi fish is called a gasp.

Fish Chart

Fish Stickers

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Fish Worksheets

Fish Books

1. First Big Book of the Ocean

2. Under The Sea

3. Good Night Fish

4. Hooray for Fish!

5. Big Book of the Blue

 

 

Fish Toys

1. Wooden Marine Themed Jigsaw Puzzle

2. Fishing Pond

3.Melissa & Doug Underwater Floor Puzzle

4. 52 Pack Ocean Animal Set

 

 

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Thank you for reading our blog on fish. While there are many types of fish, we have selected a few popular ones which adults and children commonly search for. Besides the pictures and photos that are already in the blog, we have also provided the readers with more options to view amazing high-quality pictures from good websites. Similarly for videos of fish, besides the ones that are already in the blog, we have curated and shared the links of other amazing videos from reputed sources. The ‘talking points’ section gives simple facts and general trivia for kids. These talking points can also be used by parents for ‘show and tell’ events that kids commonly participate in.

Do share your feedback in the comments section below. If you would like us to add any fish to this list, do share it in the comments section below.

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3 thoughts on “Fish Names : Facts | Pictures | Videos | Charts”

  1. Hi. I read your article and thoroughly enjoyed it. I was just hoping to see if you can also add our article, https://www.tankarium.com/goldfish/ about goldfish? I think it would add some value to your article. In return, we will share your post on social platforms. I also sent you an email. Thanks!

  2. Megalodon shark is unfortunately extinct. But during its time it was an incredible predator. Thank you for your words of appreciation, Soeren. Were you referring to the Hammerhead Shark? Many people find that particular shark funny looking.

  3. Hey, nice overview of popular fish!

    I like the megalodon shark the most, looks kind of funny 😀

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