The 4 Learning Styles: VARK Model

What Type of Learner is Your Child?

As your child grows, you may notice that they respond to certain types of learning better than others. From an early age, your child ends up having a preference and knowing that preference can help your child learn their best. Just how there are multiple intelligences, there are different learning styles, so let’s take a look at a few of them in this post.

The Four Learning Styles: VARK Model

When it comes to learning styles, there are four types. VARK is an acronym that refers to the four types of learning styles: 

  1. Visual
  2. Auditory/Sound
  3. Reading or Writing and
  4. Kinesthetic.

Every child is going to learn from all four methods, and some kids do well with each one, but they may have one that is the ultimate preference.
It’s All Down to Trial and Error.
When teaching your kid, you should pick from the different styles and see how well they respond to each style. Sometimes, the child can have their own preference. Other times, they may work well with a combination of two or more.

1. Visual Learners

Image, or visual learners, is when your child learns through their sight. Your child may love looking at art, illustrations, words, or anything else involving the eyes. They would much rather look at the big picture than having it described.
Colour-coded learning can be convenient. Use colored notes, have flashcards, and see if you can find any illustrations or charts for your child to look at.

2. Auditory/Sound Learners

Sound, or auditory, learning is when your child learns by listening. Be it lectures, music, conversation, or anything else involving the ears, an auditory learner can benefit in quite a few ways if you know what to do with them.
If your child sings to themselves, listens to instructions very well, is always a question asker, and likes to talk to people, then chances are, they are an auditory learner. Reading a book to them, singing to them, or just having a conversation with your child can help them learn to their fullest potential.

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3. Reading or Writing Learner

This is a child who likes to write everything down, and they’re a bookworm. They may love immersing themselves in a good story or creating a story of their own. The words they read go directly to the brain, and when they do, your child can recite them quite well. Some children may be a little too young to benefit from this stage, but once your child is old enough to read or write, look at how they learn. Do they like a book in a quiet space? They may be a reading learner. Purchase books or reading tablets for them.

4. Kinesthetic Learner

A kinesthetic, or hands-on learner, is someone who likes to learn through first-hand experience. They may learn during play, or when they can try something out. Kids who are hands-on like to try the task themselves instead of hearing a lecture about it. They may be people who would rather be playing than sitting down. They may like to combine learning and playing, creating activities or playing video games that are related to learning.
By turning what they need to learn into a hands-on game, you can help the kinesthetic leader out a lot.

Can a Kid be a Combination of the 4 Learning Styles?

As we mentioned before, a lot of kids are a combination of all learning styles. They may be people who like to hear the instructions while they try it first-hand. They may like to read and listen at the same time. Or, they may be people who excel in three learning styles.

Learning Difficulties

If you’re unsure if your child has a preferred learning style, or you feel like your child is underdeveloped in some areas, seeking assistance from a professional is important. One route you can take is to speak with a childhood therapist or a counsellor. They may be able to help you with any questions you have about your child’s development. For busy parents, online therapy is slowly becoming one route you can take. A website you can try is BetterHelp. Click here for more information:
Overall, everyone has their own learning preference, and it’s important for you to acknowledge them and make sure your child is learning to the best of their ability.

This blog is contributed by Marie Miguel.

She has been a writing and research expert for nearly a decade, covering a variety of health related topics. Currently, she is contributing to the expansion and growth of a free online mental health resource with With an interest and dedication to addressing stigmas associated with mental health, she continues to specifically target subjects related to anxiety and depression.

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